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Bible Study of 1 John: Day 18


Distinguishing Truths

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Carefully prepared just for you by your friend, Debbie Holt


I thank you Lord that I can know that You abide in me and that my sin issue has been nailed to the cross – the certificate of debt against me has been paid! Help me to remember this glorious news today. Amen.

Scripture Reference:

I John 4

Today’s Message:

You were to look at the words sin, abide, and know yesterday and build lists of what you learned about each in chapters 3 and 4. This is an example of what you do in interpretation – see what the text says about any given subject. Let’s see what you could have discovered …


  1. 3:4   Sin is lawlessness
  2. 3:5   In Jesus there is no sin
  3. 3:5   Jesus came to take away sin
  4. 3:6   No one who abides (present active) in Him sins (present active)
  5. 3:6   No one who sins (present active) knows Him
  6. 3:8   The one who practices sin (present active) is of the devil
  7. 3:8  The devil has sinned (present active) from the beginning
  8. 3:9   No one who is born of God (perfect passive) practices sin (present active)
  9. 4:10  God sent (aorist active) His Son to be the propitiation for our sins

For those of you who want to go the extra step in study, I’ve given you the voice, tense, and mood of the above verbs. When you see what the specific Greek verbs state in the language used in the Bible text, you will settle a LOT of doctrinal issues that others struggle with.

Just a little encouragement to go that extra little step!

I will give you brief definitions of the verb tenses, and I think you will quickly see what I mean about settling some critical doctrine.

Present Active = continuous action where the subject of the verb produces the action

  • This is a continuous act of sinning by the subject; they are not acted upon but they choose to sin

Perfect Passive = punctiliar action in the past with the results continuing into the present (once and for all) where the subject of the verb is acted upon

                Read 1 John 3:9

  • God did a once and for all time act of birthing you as His own, He did it for you! The perfect tense is a “forever” tense that had a particular beginning but has no end! Hallelujah!!

Aorist Active = punctiliar action that is generally past but can be present or future where the subject of the verb produces the action

  • God sent Jesus to be the payment for our sins, but this particular verb tense reveals that Jesus came at a specific time in history but the application of His coming can be a present or future tense for us … showing the accuracy of Scripture! He came, but it doesn’t apply to you until you are born again; until the payment applies to you personally. Very specific verb tense!!

I’ve somewhat labored over these points so you can see truth that sometimes we don’t see at first glance. Basically, you get the credit for your sin but God gets the credit for your salvation. And now is a good time to insert a verse for you to celebrate:

                Read Philippians 1:6

Abide –

  1. 3:6     abiding in Him prevents one from continuous habitual sinning
  2. 3:9     His seed abiding in one is what prevents the continuous habitual sinning
  3. 3:14   he who does not (present active) love abides (present active) in death
  4. 3:15   no murderer has eternal life abiding (present active) in him
  5. 3:16-7   abiding love produces action toward the brethren
  6. 3:24   abiding in Him produces obedience to His commandments
  7. 4:12 if we love one another, God abides (present active) in us
  8. 4:13,16 love for the brethren is evidence of His abiding
  9. 4:15 whoever confesses (aorist active) that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him

Know - 4:2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 16

(add to last week’s list)

What I can know:                                         How I can know it:

  1. You can recognize God’s spirit à because it confesses that Jesus has come in the flesh (remember, Gnosticism denies this)
  2. The spirit of truth/error is distinguishable à because those not of God won’t listen to His truth
  3. You can know if one is born of God à because they will love (agape)
  4. God’s love (agape) is in those who know Him à because He is love
  5. You can know that you abide in Him and He abides in you à because you will have His Spirit in you (you will have a family resemblance!)

Your Turn:

There are 3 tests in chapter 4. What are they?

  • __________________________________________________________________
  • __________________________________________________________________
  • __________________________________________________________________


Look at the contrasts in this chapter:

Love/Hate (add to list):










Truth/Error (add to list):





Saying/Doing (you previously listed the 6 statements and conclusions for “if we say” or “the one who says” back in chapters 1 and 2. Here in chapter 4 is the 7th one to add to your list):



Closing Prayer:

Fill me with Your Spirit so the world will see You!! Amen.

What is God showing you through this study? We’d love to know. Leave us a comment below.

Do you have a relationship with Jesus Christ?   Have you accepted His gift of salvation?   Do you KNOW Him? If you have not yet accepted Jesus Christ as your personal Savior and would like to, visit Extreme Encouragement today and begin one of the most meaningful relationships you will ever have.


1 Comment

What I can Know and How I can know it …

1 John 4:16
“We have come to know and have believed the love which God has for us. God is love and the one who abides in love abides in God and God abides in him.”

God’s love (Agape) is in those who know Him, because He is love.

Believers, take a minute to really let that thought set in.

God isn’t going to ask us to do something He isn’t fully willing nor fully capable of completing through us. I know, you know, and God knows there are some people who are hard to love, but He still calls you to love them with that AGAPE kind of love. His grace is sufficient and His mercies are new every morning. If you must take it a day at a time praying for and trusting Him to soften your heart to whomever sin has hardened it towards.

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